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Amaryllis


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bobplumerias
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Joined: Nov 13, 2010
Posts: 27
Location: Chicago

PostPosted: Fri Dec 03, 2010 5:29 pm    Post subject: Amaryllis Reply with quote



Amaryllis is also known as belladonna lily or naked ladies.
The genus consists of 2 species.
One species, Amaryllis belladonna, is indigenous to South
Africa, specifically the Cape of Good Hope.

Sometimes it's confused with Hippeastrum, a flowering bulb
which is commonly sold during the winter months as it easily
blooms indoors.

Hippeastrum is a genus comprised of about 90 species and
more than 600 hybrids native to the tropical and subtropical
regions from Mexico south to Argentina and throughout
the Caribbean.

"Hippeastrum" is Greek for "horseman's star" known today
as"knight's star".

Dutch growers are considered the first commercial breeders of
Hippeastrum dating back to the 18th century. Usually you
begin to see them in nurseries and garden centers around
the middle of October so they are in bloom for Christmas
and through the Holiday Season.

When purchasing an Amaryllis bulb, Hippeastrum,, it already
has a perfect embryo flower formed. It's ready to be planted.

Soak the roots of the newly purchased bulb in a cup or glass of
lukewarm water to which you added some seaweed. Make sure
that just the roots are submerged in the water and not any
part of the bulb itself. Keep the base of the bulb above
and outside the water.

Leave the roots in the water-seaweed mix overnight.
It will be ready to plant the next day. The overnight
soaking of the roots in the seaweed mixture will
enhance the growth process of your Hippeastrum
because of the essential trace elements that are
present in the seaweed.

To plant the bulb start with a 6-inch container.
Fill it 1/3 of the way with a well draining potting
mix. Place the bulb in the center of the pot. Sprinkle
some bone meal around the roots. Cover the bulb to the
point that the "neck" of the bulb is above the soil.

Water the mixture thoroughly with lukewarm water to which
you add some seaweed and/or Superthrive.
Place your newly potted bulb in front of a well lit window.

Don't water again until you see some growth in the leaves,
flower stalk, or both. During the growing period keep the
potting medium moist. Most Amaryllis bulbs, Hippeastrum,
produce two flowers stems, which in turn can produce up to
four to six blooms each.

When your Hippeastrum is finished flowering, cut off the dead
flower stalk and continue to grow it until August/September.
During this period keep it in good light, water regularly, and
fertilize every other week with a fertilizer high in phosphorus
and potassium. You do this to promote next season's flowers.

In August/September stop watering and fertilizing. Store the pot
with the bulb in a dark place. This begins its dormancy stage.
In December/January remove most of the soil from the top of
the container until the roots are exposed. Sprinkle some bone
meal around the roots and cover with fresh potting medium.
Water with seaweed and/or Superthrive.
In a couple of months your bulb will bloom again.

It should be noted that some gardeners are able to have their
Hippeastrum bloom twice a year, during winter and summer.


_________________
For more information on growing plumerias successfully based on tried and tested methods, and to receive your FREE guide, Grow Your Own Tropical Garden, visit www.BobWalshPlumeriaCare101.com.


Last edited by bobplumerias on Wed Feb 09, 2011 2:32 am; edited 1 time in total
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Pljoska
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Joined: Oct 27, 2010
Posts: 135
Location: Canada

PostPosted: Sat Dec 04, 2010 4:54 am    Post subject: Re: Amaryllis Reply with quote

Species in the amaryllis family are flowering plants, and are mostly long-lived, perennial herbs arising from a bulb or, less commonly, from rhizomes (underground stems). These plants have linear or strap shaped leaves, either crowded around the base of a leafless flowering stem, or arranged in two tight rows along a short stem, as in the common houseplant Clivia. The leaves are usually hairless and contain mucilage cells, or cells filled with calcium oxalate crystals known as raphides for defense against herbivores. Silica-filled (glass) cells, which are typical of many other monocotyledonous plant families, are absent from the amaryllis family.
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Pljoska
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PostPosted: Sat Dec 04, 2010 5:01 am    Post subject: Re: Amaryllis Reply with quote

South Africa, and is widely cultivated for its large, pink, bell-shaped flowers, which are moth-pollinated. The genus Hippeastrum, which is native to the West Indies, Mexico, and as far south as Argentina, has also been called Amaryllis by some taxonomists. Whatever its correct identity, many species of this genus have spectacular, large flowers that have evolved for pollination by birds, and are commonly grown as ornamentals.
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smurfy
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Joined: Jan 05, 2011
Posts: 12
Location: Charleston WV USA

PostPosted: Wed Jan 05, 2011 12:54 am    Post subject: Re: Amaryllis Reply with quote

A note here that belladonna lily is a hardy perennial, while boxed amaryllis are tender tropicals, so don't plant them in your yard if your soil freezes in the winter.

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bobplumerias
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Joined: Nov 13, 2010
Posts: 27
Location: Chicago

PostPosted: Wed Jan 05, 2011 2:49 am    Post subject: Re: Amaryllis Reply with quote

Smurfy,

Very well said.

Thank you,

Bob

_________________
For more information on growing plumerias successfully based on tried and tested methods, and to receive your FREE guide, Grow Your Own Tropical Garden, visit www.BobWalshPlumeriaCare101.com.
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