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SERBIAN SPRUCE " PICEA OMORIKA"


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ljiljads
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PostPosted: Tue Feb 06, 2007 4:12 am    Post subject: SERBIAN SPRUCE " PICEA OMORIKA" Reply with quote

The Serbian spruce is the endemic and the Tertiary relict species of Tara National park.During the tertiary omorika and species from the same section growed on huge areas of Midle Europe,East Asia and North Amerika .Due to refugial habitats on Balkan Peninsula omorika survived ace age and nowadays its natural stands are reduced only to the area on mountain Tara, in the canyon of Milesevka river and part of Western Bosnia in the middle course of the Drina river.The Serbian spruce was discavered in the year 1975 at Mt.Tara by the famous Serbian botanical scientists, Josif Pancic.He first scientifically described Serbian spruce and omorika has been named by him(Picea omorika Pancic).Because its decorative outlook and biological properties, Serbian spruce has been the object of studing of many scientists around the world for many years.The Serian spruce tree reaches a hight of 40 m and trunk diameter up to 60 cm.The tree of the Serbian spruce is straight and slender with pyramidal habitus.Omorika appears on the stony cliffs of the lime stone basis,but also on other fundaments,marshy terrains and peat bogs.The mixed Serbian spruce forests are significant and characheristic for the Tara national park.Omorika grows in mixed association with spruce, fir and beech. The Serbian spruce and its habitats become proud of our country but in professional scientific sense one of the most significant tree species in world.

Interduce Serbia. Mountain Tara and hers natural beuty:
www.tara.org.yu/indexeng.html
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Pljoska
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PostPosted: Sat Dec 04, 2010 5:17 am    Post subject: Re: SERBIAN SPRUCE " PICEA OMORIKA" Reply with quote

Picea omorika (Serbian Spruce; Serbian: Панчићева оморика, Pančićeva omorika) is a rare, local spruce, endemic to the Drina River valley in western Serbia and eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina near Višegrad, with a total range of only about 60 ha, between 800–1,600 m altitude. It was originally discovered near the village of Zaovine on the Tara Mountain in 1875, and named by the Serbian botanist Josif Pančić[2][3][4]; the epithet omorika is simply the Serbian word for "spruce"; hence, the scientific name means "Spruce-spruce".


Serbian Spruce in its native range. Note extremely slender shape of crown.It is a medium-sized evergreen tree growing to 20–35 m tall, exceptionally to 40 m tall, and with a trunk diameter of up to 1 m. The shoots are buff-brown, and densely pubescent (hairy). The leaves are needle-like, 10–20 mm long, flattened in cross-section, and dark blue-green above, and blue-white below. The cones are 4–7 cm long, fusiform (spindle-shaped, broadest in the middle), dark purple (almost black) when young, maturing dark brown 5–7 months after pollination, and have stiff scales.[
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Pljoska
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PostPosted: Sat Dec 04, 2010 5:17 am    Post subject: Re: SERBIAN SPRUCE " PICEA OMORIKA" Reply with quote

Outside of its native range, Serbian Spruce is of major importance in horticulture as an ornamental tree in large gardens, valued in northern Europe and North America for its very attractive crown form and ability to grow on a wide range of soils, including alkaline, clay, acid and sandy soil, although it prefers moist, drained loam. It is also grown to a small extent in forestry for christmas trees, timber and paper production, particularly in northern Europe, though its slow growth makes it less important than Sitka Spruce or Norway Spruce. In cultivation, it has produced hybrids with the closely related Black Spruce and also with Sitka Spruce.[2][3]

Because of its limited range, it is not a major source of nutrition to wildlife, but does provide cover for birds and small mammals. Prior to the Pleistocene ice ages, it had a much larger range throughout most of Europe
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Pljoska
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PostPosted: Sat Dec 04, 2010 5:21 am    Post subject: Re: SERBIAN SPRUCE " PICEA OMORIKA" Reply with quote

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Picea
Species: P. omorika
Binomial name
Picea omorika
(Pančić) Purk.
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milonraj
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PostPosted: Tue Sep 02, 2014 6:27 am    Post subject: Re: SERBIAN SPRUCE " PICEA OMORIKA" Reply with quote

i love tenure

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